A Collective Management Organization (CMO) is a board, and general term to refer to any organization that does the following: 

• license the use of the rights they manage;
• to monitor that use in order to enforce the conditions upon which the license has been granted; and
• to collect and distribute the royalties payable as a result of the licensed use.

All Performing Rights Organizations (PROs) such as ASCAP and BMI, as well as mechanical societies like HFA and Music Reports are considered CMOs.

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